Kodi Spiro Makampani Ndi Chiyani?
Pulojekiti ya spiro (yomwe imatchedwanso spirane) ndi organic, chemical compound yokhala ndi zopotoka za mphete zoposa imodzi. Pano, mphetezi zimagwirizanitsidwa limodzi ndi atomu imodzi yomwe imakhala yowonongeka kwa onse. Ndipotu, dzina lakuti "spiro" latengedwa kuchokera ku liwu lachilatini elithi spīra, lomwe limatanthauza khola kapena kupotoza.
Mtundu wambiri wa spiro compounds ndi bicyclic, wokhala ndi mapangidwe awiri. (bi amatanthawuza awiri). Kapena, ikhoza kukhala ndi gawo la bicyclic lomwe lidzakhala gawo laling'ono la dongosolo la mphete lalikulu. Ziribe kanthu chomwe chigawocho, mphete zonse zimagwirizanitsa kupyolera mu imodzi yomwe ikuimira atomu yomwe imayimira onse.
Nthawi zina mpweya ungakhale carbocyclic kapena heterocyclic. Carbocyclic amatanthawuza kuti mankhwala onsewa ndi carbon, pamene kutentha kwa thupi kumatanthawuza kuti mankhwalawa ali ndi atomu imodzi kapena iwiri osati ya carbon.
Mavitamini auzimu ali ndi mndandanda wa mankhwala osiyanasiyana pansi pawo. Mankhwalawa ali pansipa -
1.Buspirone
2.Fluspirilene
3.Fluorescein
4.Phloxine B
5.Fluorescein lisicol
Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Spiro Structure
Pogwiritsa ntchito makonzedwe awo, spirane imagawilidwanso m'magulu osiyanasiyana.
1.Carbo-cyclic Spiro Compound
2.Hetero-cyclic Spiro Compound
3.Polyspiro Compound
4.Nomenclature
5.Chirality
Mitundu ya Spiro ikugwiritsidwa ntchito padziko lonse lapansi. Zina mwa mankhwalawa akugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ngati zipangizo zowerengera m'munda wa biomedical. Mafakitalewa amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga maziko a chithandizo chamankhwala, potumikira ngati zowonongeka.
Kuphunzira Kwambiri kwa Mankhwala Osokoneza Bongo Pansi pa Spiro Components
• Buspirone
Chiwerengero cha mankhwalawa ndi DB00490. Buspirone ndi kalasi ya azaspirodecanedione, ndi serotonin receptor agonist ndi anxiolytic wothandizila. Komanso mankhwalawa ali ndi mphamvu zomwe zingafanane ndi diazepam.
Mankhwalawa amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pochiza matenda ovutika maganizo ndi nkhawa.
• Fluspirilene
Chiwerengero cha mankhwalawa ndi DB04842. Mtundu wa kamolekyu kakang'ono, mankhwalawa ndi wothandizidwa ndi antipsychotic omwe amakhala othawikira ndipo akhoza kulandira. Fluspirilene amagwiritsidwa ntchito pochiza matenda a schizophrenia.
• Fluorescein
Chiwerengero cha mankhwalawa ndi DB00693. Kuwonjezera pa kugwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ndi zodzoladzola zakunja, mankhwalawa amagwiritsidwanso ntchito ngati chithandizo cha matenda opwetekedwa mtima komanso kuvulala kwazomwe zimatonthoza. Ndi dothi lachikasu lobiriwira pakompyuta. Koma, izo zimawoneka ngati zobiriwira zowonjezera zamchere monga alangizi amadzimadzi.
• Phloxine B
Chiwerengero cha mankhwalawa ndi DB13911. Phloxine B kapena Phloxine ndizowonjezera mtundu. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito mtundu wowonekera poulula mapiritsi (mano), komanso ngati chophweka chothandizira kuwonjezera mtundu wa mankhwala. Kalelo, mapiritsi amathandiza odwala kuganizira mozama malo omwe mukufunika kukwera / brushing.
• Fluorescein lisicol
Chiwerengero cha mankhwalawa ndi DB12030. Ndi kamolekyu kakang'ono kamene kawirikawiri kamagwiritsidwa ntchito mmayesero osiyanasiyana. Matenda a Hepatitis, Viral, Human, Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis, Hepatic Cirrhosis, Pharmacokinetics ndi Matenda Osakhala Oledzera Matenda a Chiwindi ndiwo malo.

Kuwonetsa zonse 6 zotsatira